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What is powerlinePowerline Networks are a way of generating great internet coverage throughout your home without using a signal booster. Powerline uses your home’s electrical wiring as a bridge for the internet signal between two points. Effectively turning your home into a giant internet cable.

Think about your house as a network of wires leading from room to room, socket to socket. All aspects of the house are covered and linked by a web of these power cables. The Powerline system piggybacks on these wires and delivers an internet signal via the electrical cables to its destination. You make use of what’s already built into the house.

Powerline works from standard wall sockets and usually comes in kits of 2, 3 or 4 adapter sets- They also can be used on a larger scale for small or bigger buildings.

powerline 1

How will it work in my house?

Let’s say you are struggling to get WiFi signal in your kitchen. Your router might be too far away and stuck behind a big thick wall. WiFi signal sometimes have issues when passing over long distance or with obstacles in the way. Powerline can remedy this by using the house wiring to go around the walls and deliver the signal direct.

So in this situation you would:

Plug in the main hub adapter to the wall socket closest to your modem- Link this with an Ethernet cable to the modem/router so the hub is ‘live’. Then plug the corresponding adapter in the room you want signal in- The kitchen in this case. Your internet signal is then sent from the main adapter hub through the electrical wiring to your receiver hub.

This receiver hub will then broadcast the internet signal either via WIFI (like your router would do) or via a linked Ethernet cable depending on which version of the Powerline kit you have.

powerline 2

Can I connect everything?

As long as all your rooms are powered from the same fuse box you can link to anywhere in the house. This included extensions, conservatories and even garden sheds. Just make sure that the plug your adapter fixes into is powered from the same fuse box as your hub.


What’s the difference between Powerline and a Booster?

WiFi Boosters are based on a wireless signal, whereas Powerline is a hard-wired connection. The WiFi boosters projects the signal to the next booster wirelessly like a beacon. They are technically more flexible (as you can boost anywhere) but the signal is far less reliable. It’s estimated you can lose up to 50% bandwidth when you wirelessly boost a WiFi signal.

A powerline adapter on the other had carries a much stronger signer via the wiring meaning the end product is a much higher bandwidth.


What about the signal strength?

Although Powerline is the best option when boosting signal it will never carry as much bandwidth as a signal direct from a router.

Models vary in speed but a number of aspects can affect your ultimate speed. Old wiring, numbers of adapters and usage of sockets can alter the speed you achieve. For best results use standalone plugs, on new wiring with the highest connections possible.

powerline 3

Is it easy to set up?

Yes it is very easy to set up. All you need to do is plug the hub into a socket and Ethernet wire to the router. The second adapter goes into another socket. Then sync the two together and you’re away!


Why would I need Powerline?

There can be a number of reasons to use Powerline. It’s most effective when delivering internet signal to sockets that are well connected but where your WiFi struggles to reach.

It can be useful if you:

  • Want to boost a signal to an annexed room
  • Want boost a signal from an old Wireless Router
  • Struggle with signal upstairs or have a multi-floored house
  • Have a house with thick walls a WIFI signal struggles to get through
  • Have rooms with ‘dead spots’ of WIFI coverage
  • Are linking up Internet enabled TV’s/console that doesn’t have wireless capabilities
  • Want to access the internet in an extensions or conservatories (On the same fuse box)



  1. Quick question about dLAN devices like these. Do they need to work in pairs? I’ll explain what I mean by example. Say I have two devices I want to run in different rooms to the main router/hub. Do I need to plug two dLAN/Powerlines into the main hub, each one pairing with the other one to each device, meaning 4 adaptors altogether. Or do I plug just one into the main hub and then one for each device meaning 3 adaptors in total? And does the answer to this question depend on the company that made the adaptors?

    Many thanks

  2. @andrwew & @Guestlist. Vaild questions…There is no limit on how many adapters you can add to the main hub, however the more you add the more your speed could be affected. So a house with 4 adapters may see a drop in performance from one with a single. The drop won’t be huge and is certainly better than using a range extender, it’s just worth considering. The best way to do this is to either buy a ‘Triple or Quad pack’ or purchase individual adapter just make sure the additional adapter is compatible. Same brands of Powerline help, but they


    work across the board

    I’ll add this to the post, thanks for asking.

  3. @Andrew, you would only need 3 adapters. 1 connected to your router and 2 more for 2 separate rooms elsewhere. I would also use the same make and preferable model of PowerLine adapters but ‘apparently’ they should work together but I wouldn’t advise it. My advice is always buy the same make and ideally same model of powerline adapters for your entire house.

  4. I have been using powerline adaptors for years. Be careful when mixing brands as there is two types of powerline homeplug 1.0 and homeplug AV. Always buy as many as you need at the same time to avoid compatibility issues or buy same make model in the future. I have 5 in my house. 2 sky boxes two computers and one in a conservatory. Thyy don’t like being on a filter ie powersurge protector as that interferes with the technology and reduces speed. My kit is 200Mbps and that’s fine for HDTV and my kit is 4 years old. Fast Ethernet is full-duplex, so a port can transmit and receive simultaneously. Consequently, if a Fast-Ethernet port is performing at its maximum throughput (e.g. sending and receiving) it can operate near it’s theoretical maximum – 200Mbps

  5. Thanks Danny – think I need to clarify my question a bit more with more detail to show what I was getting at. I have Delvelo dLAN adaptors. When we plugged one into the main hub and then the other two into each device is separate rooms only one device would work, the other would drop it’s connection.

    Once we bought an extra adaptor and plugged that into the main hub the both devices worked – it seemed that they needed to work in pairs, one pair for each device.

    Since then I’ve been told that it should have been possible for this to work with the original set up of one dLAN in the main hub and one in each device (that is it should have run off three adaptors and not needed four)

    Does that make sense?

    Many thanks for your time with this

  6. @Andrew your problem can be caused by the devices not being paired correctly. Usually when you first configure your devices you push a button on the main one and then on the second adapter. This creates a secure network so a third powerline adapter can’t ‘hack’ into your internet/network. Just repeat the process of pairing with the 1st adapter and 3rd adapter to add it to the network.

  7. @Andrew – I am using four Comtrend adaptors one near the hub, the others near the TV, in the bedroom and in the garage.
    I think all types work in the same way but it is best to ensure they are all by the same maker and the same speed

  8. @Andrew It’s a little difficult to diagnose like this, so this may not be gospel. But in theory yes they should all work in harmony from the main hub, no need for pairing. There are however a number permutations that could affect this including: wiring, speed capabilities of both modems and Powerlines, socket usage and the usage of devices around both adapters. Did you swap the two original adapters over to see if they worked in each others socket so to speak?

  9. @ Tom thank you very much for that bit of advice. Makes sense and can see why we had so much trouble now!

  10. @ Danny I think we did try that but this was a good 5 years back now when I wasn’t as tech literate as I am now (not that I’m amazing now) Wanted to know as am thinking of adding more devices at home and don’t want to buy excessive adaptors. The ones I have are all the same type and make and I think if I were to do things anew I’d update them all anyway. Thanks very much for your help

  11. @ David – yes are all the same type, make etc. I think the error may have been what Tom described. Of course it could just be something like the wiring in the house too. All from the same fusebox but the way the circuits are done in this house are very odd – too complicated to describe on here!

  12. Just a point.. if you have a split ‘fuse box’ that has either a single rcd circuit breaker or multiple rcd’s, then the passing of the signal through an rcd protected circuit to a circuit protected by a different rcd can be a problem (same side of the same rcd is ok)

  13. @Paul. Sorry Paul should clarify this comment. The Powerline will work though a normal extension but the speed will be affected. As Gerry says, if this has any sort of surge protector then the answer is no.

  14. @Paul – yes they work when plugged into an extension cable UNLESS you are using protection, surge and voltage regulators kill these things (even when they are plugged into another socket). …

  15. @Danny

    I do think it needs to be said that using a Powerline adaptor with WiFI capability can be an utter arse (pardon my French) to set up. Now others may not have had the same issue, but i had great difficulty.

    My setup is one adaptor by the modem, one next to the TV, and one in the back room. I then have an adaptor with wifi upstairs (due to poor wifi coverage there). But as hard as I tried, I could not get it to be setup as an extention from my wifi downstairs. I effectively had to setup a seperate wifi network upstairs running off the main ethernet network.

  16. will they work on an extension lead for example I have a 4 way block with a spare socked near my modem/router can i plug one in here then the other in a normal socket and will it still connect.

  17. @Andrew (I’m the Andrew who first published so will post as AndrewP after this) Not sure if I’m understanding you correctly but for me yes they do work with ethernet switches

  18. What they don’t tell you is the interference they cause. What these do is to modulate the signal to RF (think shortwave radio, several Mhz) and overlay this on the unshielded mains cable. Because it’s unshielded, it leaks radio interference all over the place. This is why coax cable has a copper braid on the outside, to keep the RF inside the cable. Of course, the manufactures ensure the frequency won’t interfere with the equipment of 95% of households, but if you or your neighbours listen to shortwave radio, or use amateur radio, the interference will be all over it. Other equipment can suffer to, even broadcast FM & DAB radio. At least with Wifi the signal is constrained to allocated frequencies. Do yourself and your neighbours a favour, and if you need a network in another part of your house, please use wifi or an ethernet cable. More info can be found at http://www.frequencycast.co.uk/powerline.html

  19. I’ve always had a bad feeling about powerline adapters.
    Although the electronics side is supposedly totally isolated from the mains side, I’m not convinced the technology has been perfected.

    The number of machines I’ve seen with fried ethernet ports that were using powerline adapters for prolonged periods seems to back up my hunch. Too much of a co-incidence to ignore.

    It may work for 6 months, a year or two years, but if it fries your ethernet port after that, that’s expensive damage – especially for a laptop or a desktop with a built in ethernet port (i.e. most machines nowadays).

    I won’t touch them with a barge pole.

  20. I am an Electronics Product Development Engineer and I know all about the technology inside these units and can say that they are safe, I use them and it is HIGHLY UNLIKELY that they would ever fry an Ethernet port.

    Think about it, every house has tens/hundreds of little power supplies and we have trusted them for many years to do the same and isolate us from the mains with no risk to humans or the equipment they power. These adapters use similar proven technology.

    They have to meet certain safety standard to be sold. If they were able to fry an Ethernet port, they would fail these tests. Ethernet ports themselves have isolation protection as well (so we have double protection)!

    They are safety tested and designed to withstand thousands of volts for significantly more time than most other consumer equipment in your house could withstand. The only likely way for these items to fail and damage an Ethernet port is via a flashover (and again both safety barriers would have to fail).

    To top it all off, the safety barriers are designed and tested to destruction in the labs and the parts we buy use special components with a known failure method so they know if they fail, they will fail open circuit and stop any power from passing through (a bit like a fuse).

    Therefore, if you were to find that your Ethernet port has been fried because of a powerline adapter, it is likely you will not know because your PC will have been fried even more!

    Saying that though, this only applies to branded products like the ones sold here. No doubt there are some cheap knockoffs from China with virtually no flashover protection.

    Only buy reputable brands from reputable dealers.

    This is also why I would only buy a replacement laptop charger from somewhere like here instead of Amazon or ebay (I have seen some nasty ones that would fail and potentially allow mains to pass out of the output connector when they burn out).

  21. PLA/PLT are a cheap form of radio transmitter. They operate between 3 and 30 Megahertz. Some (the faster ones)extend up to about 200 Megahertz. They are transmitters, and wipe out radio reception for anything up to half a mile around each unit, including Air Traffic Control and Emergency services. If you have DSL broadband, it can slow the datastream down, and they can affect DAB radios.

    This post will probably be deleted, because the seller/manufacturer doesn’t want the truth to be known. Do a browser search for ban plt
    These devices should be banned from use anywhere in the world.

  22. Eric, I assume you are a radio amateur who is suffering somehow.

    If they were such efficient radio jammers, why are they CE and FCC approved for commercial and business use and not banned from sale? After all, radio jammers are illegal.

    To be approved, they undergo and have to pass stringent EMC, conducted and radiated radio frequency measurements amongst others.
    As you probably know, these tests are performed to ensure that equipment does not interfere with ATC radio, emergency services radio and life saving apparatus like defibrillators or pacemakers (and more….).

    I can say with 100% certainty that Emergency radio communication are unaffected, GSM/CDMA mobile phone frequencies are unaffected at all bands. ATC frequencies between 121.5 and 132MHz are unaffected. None of my DAB radio’s suffer any interference since I installed my PLA’s and my ADSL broadband signal has remained unaffected.

    There are a SMALL AMOUNT of amateur radio enthusiasts who have some MINOR problems within the shortwave frequencies you list but it is certainly a localized issue and would NEVER ‘wipe out radio reception for anything up to half a mile around each unit, including Air Traffic Control and Emergency services’.
    I also have a friend who is a keen radio ham and uses PLA’s to obtain broadband internet in his ‘HAM shack’ or shed as I call it with NO adverse affects.

    In fact, if you ‘google’ a bit more, you will find that in almost all cases where problems exist, the problem is in the setup and quality of equipment and wiring at the amateur radio end and can always be improved on.

    Doing a search for “ban plt” is the same as doing a search for “ban ” because there are always somebody wanting something banned with no clear reason for doing so.

    I absolutely do not believe the so called independent tests from UKQRM showing the failure of three different PLA units because if it were true, the manufacturers would not get away with it and the fines they would receive, the sales ban and subsequent recall, not to mention the imprisonment of the CEO or signatory on the CE/FCC compliance document would cripple or kill off any company doing such actions. Speaking from experience of being a CE signatory, no one would sign a legally binding CE declaration if it can be proved that the tests were not performed correctly. To pass the EMC/CE tests, the units are NOT tested in a quiescent state, they are fully exercised.

    This is information from my experience of designing, testing, manufacturing and selling electronic products.

    So my neighbours can be confident that despite my Netgear 200Mbps 4-port Powerline Adapter, my devolo AVmini and my zyXEL PLA’s in use at my house, they will always be able to enjoy full use of their DAB radio’s, phones and have friendly visits from emergency services without fear of them being unable to use their radio’s near my house.

  23. Once set up, will the plug act as wireless access poinnt, or do I need to attach device with cable to the socket?

  24. This depends on the type of Powerline adapter, you can buy ‘wired’ or ‘WiFi’ kits. For example this adapter will act as your WiFi point from the plug as it is a ‘WiFi kit’. Other Powerline kits are simply ‘Ethernet Wired’ like this, so you will need to plug an ethernet cable from the plugged-in wall adapter into your ethernet socket.

  25. I’m considering buying a Power line setup. My house has 3 separate ring mains circuits for plug sockets. Upstairs has its own ring main and its own fuse in the consumer unit in the electric meter cupboard. This is where the router is plugged in. Same setup for the downstairs plug sockets and the kitchen plug sockets. The central heating has its own circuit too. They are protected by their own individual, which is a regular fuse (not RCD). All these circuits are all fed from the only consumer unit in the electric meter box.

    My question is will the PLA which will be connected to the router on the upstairs ring main, talk to the PLA in a downstairs room being plugged into a socket on the downstairs ring main? Any help appreciated.

  26. @Andy- Just checked this… As long as all the ring mains share a common fuse board, the units will communicate.

  27. I already have two (passthrough) Powerline Adapters which are 200 Mbps, the 2nd is in my lounge. My wifi reception is not too good in part of my dining room and the conservatory.
    If I want to add one or two more Adapters, do they have to be the same Mbps as the originals or would a higher rating also pick up and transmit the wifi signal.
    And just to be certain, will the family smartphones also pick it up better; as our packages have limited cellular data allowance, so we’re more dependant on wifi for mail, browsing etc.

  28. You don’t make any mention of the really nasty interference these devices cause. They cause your mains cabling in your house to radiate wideband noise. It interferes with any and all radio devices in your home.

    There are moves afoot to make these things illegal because of the gross interference they cause.

    You’re very much better off migrating to 5GHz wi-fi and using repeaters if you have a particularly big property. I have no problem with 5 GHz wi-fi in the centre of London – in fact I get reasonable coverage all the way to my local pub 400m from home!

  29. These things cause gross interference. The “CE” marking is a worthless “self certification”. We have successfully asked neighbours to remove these things because of the interference they cause to emergency radio equipment. It’s very educational to see a spectrum analyser trace of the rubbish radiated by these things, and to hear the background noise on broadcast FM radio disappear when they’re turned off!
    Our neighbourhood now has blanket 2.4 and 5GHz coverage, with shared routers, so everyone gets great wi-fi wherever they are! My own 5GHz system works just over 400m into my local pub – that’s far enough for me!

  30. @chris have a look at the posts from DaveF. I’m assuming there is some other interference in your neighborhood besides yourself. I have four powerline adapters running 24/7 in my house. I have many wireless devices inc wi-fi, Bluetooth, radio controlled toys, mobile phones, digital TV, computers, consoles, wi-fi adapters, DAB/FM/MW/SW radios but no interference anywhere from anything. Devices are designed at different frequencies and also have isolation built in to avoid interference. Granted that there may be occasions where some of this leaks, but not to the extent you talk about. Remember the days when you could hear a Taxi call through your TV or hear a CB radio conversation through your radio and sometimes just from powered speakers. Now that was interference but there are more stringent regulations and manufacturers must adhere to these or they wouldn’t be able to sell their products. It’s been a long time since I had any interference, years in fact, but my house now has 2000% more reasons why it should but doesn’t.

  31. I want to setup a network between my desktop (upstairs) router upstairs, and my smart tv (downstairs). I am losing all my speed hence a lot of buffering. I have tried powerline home plugs which are a bit better, would I be better off to bring the router downstairs and if possible buy a wifi adaptor for the desktop. Any ideas.

  32. Hi i have recently had an extension built on the side of my house which has its own electric circuit. I am getting a really slow wireless broadband signal which comes from the router in the house. I have been told that the cause of the problem is the plasterboard in the extension. Please help

  33. i had 2 comtrend powerline adaptors fitted by a Sky engineer in July. Since then my electricity bill is astronomical, can this be caused by these adaptors?

  34. A simple question, do these devices work in pairs and only communicate to each other, or can you buy as many as you want to set up a network? If the latter is the case, PLEASE make sure your network is secure, as any other person on the same “phase” of the electrical supply could plug into a socket in their home/office and access your network. This could be especially relevant if you live in a block of flats/apartments/Offices! Handy if you pop next door to your neighbours and plug in your laptop though!

  35. There is a security issue with power line adapters as there is currently no standard to filter the signals from these devices getting onto the power grid outside your home. So your next door neighbour may be able to access your network if they have a similar adapter which has massive security implications.

  36. Can you “daisy chain” them to increase distance. For example by using 4 adapters setup as 2 pairs. Plug one into the router then it’s pair at a distance away. Connect that with a patch lead into another adapter then it’s pair further again ?

  37. If anyone near near your house likes to listen to short wave radio or is an amateur radio operator they will hate you.
    A lot of these devices do not conform with EMC ( Electro Magnetic Compatibility ) standards and radiate loads of rubbish radio signals all over the place and use the house wiring as antenna. I f a complaint of radio interference from your house would be investigated by Ofcom, you would have to remove it all, and chance a hefty penalty. Get a descent wirelesses system or wireless repeaters.

  38. It’s the same questions over and over. To start off with its obvious that you need at least two, one that plugs into the wall and router, the other goes in another room which connects to your device with an Ethernet cable. You can use as many as you want and they don’t have to be used in pairs. Put it this way, every extra one communicates with the one attached to your router. There is a pairing (which doesn’t mean A PAIR, just to connect) button but in my experience they just plugged in and worked right away. It’s better to buy same brand / model to ensure compatibility. You can also use certain ones as a wireless extender or ones that clone your wireless router but, again in my experience this was a little frustrating. Your device will hang on to the router signal for grim death when you walk out the room. You have to disconnect and re-connect when you are closer to the extender so it’s a bit of a pain, it doesn’t just hook up itself. It’s all trial and error and it depends on the age of your wiring, size of house etc. My house is 60 years old and everything works as it should. It’s a good investment and would be perfect for outbuildings, granny flats, shared accommodation and so on. I have 4 just now but will add More as I need them.

  39. They should be banned, full stop.
    In a sensible world they would never had got past the first proposal.

    It is a good idea to room wire; use balanced screened cable circuits pretty much the reverse of the irresponsible, ignorant and LAZY current position!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    The problem can be so bad that the damned thing chew off their own ears.

    Time to create the antidote.

  40. can I use powerline adapters where my sockets are wired on different circuits? My router and first adapter would be running on a different fuse to the extension?

  41. @HH, if you’re talking about 2 separate fuse boxes then forget it. If only a different fuse then it should be ok.

  42. Does the hard wiring cancel the wifi signal, I mean, I have four tv’s all connected to my network wirelessly. Would these tv’s still function as part of the local network?

  43. If these things are harmless and don’t cause interference to vital services then perhaps you might like to explain why OFCOM are currently attempting to get legal powers to order these to be removed when they are causing interference. This is not being done because of interference to radio users, but because GCHQ and NATO are concerned about the problems they are causing (the spooks are finding this dirty technology interferes with their listening devices when they are trying to bug terror suspects, and NATO are concerned at the increasing noise levels on the bands that they use). It wouldn’t be a problem if the noise stayed inside your own homes and your own power systems, but it doesn’t, and since power lines were never designed to carry data signals and are not a balanced system, you are effectively using an unlicensed radio transmitter, and spreading your data over a very wide area. How would you feel if a neighbour suddenly started interfering with your TV or Hi-Fi reception in that way?


    As for being ‘safe’, people should be aware that a ‘CE’ mark on a lot of this equipment may stand for ‘China Export’, and is not the similar EU certification in many cases, which means that it may not meet even basic safety specifications. If all this cheapo Chinese made rubbish is so safe then why is it that the majority of house fires are caused by electrical faults then?


    It’s hard to imagine any other technology that was causing such widespread pollution to such a valuable and finite resource as the radio spectrum would be allowed to get away with doing this, and it’s crazy that one branch of BT writes publications telling you how the interference from this stuff will slow down your ADSL and VDSL, while another BT department floods the country with them. Crazy or what – don’t be surprised if an OFCOM man knocks on your door one day and orders you to remove them, and the fact that you bought them legally will not get you your money back!

  44. Hi,
    I have a pair of Orange extenders to give an Internet signal from my Livebox to my TV on another floor.
    I also have a TP router alongside the TV which I need to extend BACK down the same mains cabling to my downstairs PC. (LAN cabling directly from one to the other is not practical).
    Can I have 2 pairs of extenders, both on the same mains power line, but with each pair working in “reverse” direction to the other pair.
    Although this is for my French home hopefully the principles as per the UK would still apply.
    Would much appreciate any comments.

  45. Hi there, sorry if this isn’t the place to ask but I could do with some help. I have a shed about 20m from the house with no mains power. There is a plug socket on an outside wall of the house that will take an extension lead to the shed. Can anyone tell me what options I have to receive Wifi in the shed? I’ve seen omni directional aerial type devices for about £70. I have a pretty standard BT Wifi router in the house. Any advice gratefully received. Thanks, Jon P

  46. Can these adaptors work with a 4pin extensions?
    I have 1 socket near my modem and only way to use my adaptors is if I plug it in an extension?
    Does it work?

  47. i have a question want to get a kit but the electrics in my go through a secondary fuse board before it go’s to the main board as we have converted the concrete shed in to a bedroom would this still work or not as I have a ps4 and my extenders are nearly dead due to over use

  48. What about security. Can these signals going through Powerline networks be picked up outside the house and the system hacked. Or are they at least as protected as WiFi?

  49. My house as indeed most houses has 2 power circuits – up and down can I plug the router into a downstairs socket and the computer into an upstairs socket? It would mean that the joining of the circuits would be at the consumer unit

  50. If a device claims to support up to 500Mbps yet only has a 10\100Mbps interface surely the speed will be limited to 100Mbps. A bit like driving a formula One car in 70MPH speed limit.. or am I missing something blindingly obvious?

  51. Thank you to the comments as they are always more informative more in depth and have a lot more to offer than the orginal post i find this trend on almost all of buyers blogs so thank you aa.burt.rich and kevin to the others theres nothing worse than some one trying sound inteletual when they know nothing about it “cringe”

  52. @John.

    You will have circuit breakers for up and down, but most houses only have one meter with one feed so the live into your house will be common to the upstairs and downstairs.

  53. Just one point about a single consumer unit (aka fuse box). When my property was extended our electricity supply was routed to a new “fuse box” (with circuit breakers) and our old fuse box (with fuses) was replaced with a box with circuit breakers, leaving our property with two separate circuits with power linking the two boxes. Despite having two separate circuits, I have powerline connection between to two parts of the property, so worth a try if you have a similar setup.

  54. I have a socket in my loft if I plug this in there then plug the other behind my router and run an Ethernet Cable to router and my cctv DRV from each adapter. will I get an internet connection to my DVR in the loft the same as running a hard wired Ethernet Cable?


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